Which federal law is most closely associated with the highly restrictive “need to know”?
The Patient Self Determination Act
The Mental Health Parity Act
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Correct Response: C
The federal law is most closely associated with the highly restrictive “need to know” is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. This law restricts access to medical information to only those persons who have the need to know this information in order to provide direct and/or indirect care to the client.
The Patient Self Determination Act, which was passed by the US Congress in 1990, gives Americans the right to make healthcare decisions and to have these decisions protected and communicated to others when they are no longer competent to do so. These decisions can also include rejections for future care and treatment and these decisions are reflect in advance directives. This Act also supports the rights of the client to be free of any coercion or any undue influence of others including healthcare providers.
The Mental Health Parity Act passed in 2008, mandates insurance coverage for mental health and psychiatric health services in a manner similar to medical and surgical insurance coverage.
And, lastly the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 forbid and prohibit any discrimination against people with disabilities.