You are the registered nurse in a multi-ethnic community health department clinic. In this role you are asked to identify clients who have genetic risk factors related to ethnicity in order to screen them for some commonly occurring diseases and disorders. You would identify a client who is of:

  • A

    Mediterranean ethnicity for cystic fibrosis.

  • B

    African American ethnicity for Tay Sachs disease.

  • C

    British Isles ethnicity for psychiatric mental health disorders.

  • D

    Saudi Arabian ethnicity for sickle cell anemia.

Correct Response: D

You would identify a client who is of Saudi Arabian ethnicity for sickle cell anemia. Other ethnicities at greatest risk for sickle cell anemia include those who are African, Latin Americans, Southern Europeans, and some clients from some Mediterranean nations.

Other disorders and diseases and the ethnicities associated with them are listed below

Thalassemia: Clients with a Mediterranean ethnicity
Tay Sachs Disease: Ashkenazi Jewish people
Cystic Fibrosis: Clients with a European ethnicity
Psychiatric Mental Health Disorders: African Americans and Native Americans
Hypertension: African Americans, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans, Alaskan natives, Hispanic and Caribbean clients
Diabetes: African Americans, Caribbeans, Native Americans, and clients from India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
Cancer: Caucasians and clients from Scotland and Ireland