What would make you suspect that a patient in your care had a urinary tract infection?

  • The doctor has requested a midstream urine specimen.

  • The patient has a urinary catheter in situ, and the patients wife states that he seems more forgetful than usual.

  • The patient has spiked a temperature, has a raised white cell count (WCC), has new-onset confusion and the urine in his catheter bag is cloudy.

  • The patient has complained of frequency of faecal elimination and hasnt been drinking enough.